Location and Feng ShuiAbout "Hanok"

Location and Feng Shui

If you look at a Hanok Village, where hanoks are gathered, you can find that it has a natural harmony with the surrounding geography. In other words, the villages are placed in acclimatization without damaging the existing mountains or rivers. Regardless of East and West direction, the houses were built where the land was fertile with beautiful scenery and where the transportation was convenient. In addition to this, the location of hanok was where the power of nature was concentrated. Based on these points, you can gain new interesting knowledge by admiring hanok and hanok villages.

The most representative theory that determines the location of hanok is Feng Shui. Feng Shui believes that the vitality of the land is particularly concentrated in areas where certain conditions are met. A place where the blessing of the earth was received is called Myeongdang.


There are three main elements in Feng Shui's theory. These is the theory of situation, which looks at the mountain range in a broad view, the theory of shape, which looks at the shape of the location where the house will sit, and the theory of orientation, which looks at the direction the house faces. Like the Buseoksa Temple in Yeongdong and Yangdong Village in Gyeongju, the reason why the nature viewed from the buildings is beautiful is because the buildings were placed based on the Feng Shui theories. The location with mountain in the back and water in the front is a favored place in terms of Feng Shui and is an ideal place to build a building.